My Epitaph

If you don't question everything, you will know nothing and believe anything!

Sunday, December 1, 2013

Can love really transform the world?

I have finally been reunited with my library, and I hope to, once again, apply some self-disciple in my life and begin to post at least a study in language, daily.  (I'll be happy with even a weekly post because I'm not the most disciplined man.  I just need to force myself into the transition from spending time typing on Facecrack to only being there to post new posts from The Evolving Door.  A dozen years ago today I quit smoking cigarettes - 12/01/01, so maybe I'll try to break the Facecrack habit beginning today.  I need to make a page for The Evolving Door on there and quit my personal, but I also need to finish another dozen projects, too!)  One of the books I most treasure in my library is my etymology dictionary.  One thing that makes this etymology dictionary superior would be how it doesn't have an entry for every word, but instead lists all the related words together and then gives each one its own paragraph in showing the same roots.


philosophy, philanthropy, philology, love, potential, logic,



There are many today that "preach" the New Age mantra of "love and light".  Even the late, great John Lennon was convinced "All You Need Is Love" and that the power of love can change the world. 


 However, "love" seems to be one of the poorest defined words in the syntax of modern English.  If these members of the "love and light brigade" were to be confronted with what type of love they believe can change the world, they usually will be left unable to express any clarifying remarks.  "Love" seems but another example of how the ancient Greeks were far superior to the modern English speakers because the ancient Greeks had four separate terms for what remains only "love" in modern English: agápe, éros, philía, and storgē.  Most people today equate the inflamed passions of éros as having any hope for changing the world, no matter that this type of "love", by default, would be the most common inference when hearing the term "love" and radically inadequate the convey the concept with any clarity.  I do, indeed, concur that "love" can conquer this world and radically transform it into something far more paradisiacal for the majority than what we inhabit at the present; however, I never balk at perfectly defining exactly what types/kinds of love(s) can change the world for the better, and my etymology dictionary defines these three terms with the intent in which I am implying.



philologian 

and philologer are -ian, -er varr of philologist, an -ist derivative of philology, whence— 

unless direct from EF-F philologique (from philologie)—philologic, now usu 
philological: and philology derives from MF-F philologie, from L philologia, a love of 
learning, (later) philology: Gr philologia, love of learning, from philologos, fond of 
learning, orig phil-, fond of, -logia, talking, a discourse, from logos, a word, speech, a 
discourse (f.a.e., LOGIC). 



logia 

. See LEGEND, para 21. 

logic 
, logical, logician. See LEGEND, para 21. 
logistic 
, with extn logistical. See LEGEND, para 22. 
logistics 
. See LEGEND, para 22. 

legend 
(n, hence v), legendary; lectern, lection and lesson (n, hence v); lectionary, lector; 
lecture (n, whence lecrurette; hence v—whence lecturer); legible, legion, legionary; 
legume, whence, as if from L, leguminose and leguminous; ligneous, lignite, lignose 
(adj, hence n), lignum.L cpds of legere: collect (n, v), collection, collective(whence 
collectivism, collectivism, collectivity), collector—cf coil (v, hence n) and cull (v, 
hence n and also cullage); diligence, diligent; elect (adj—whence n—and v), election 
(whence electioneer), elective (whence electivity), elector, whence electoral and 
electorate—elegance, elegant—eligible, whence eligibility—elite; intellect, 
intellection, intellective, intellectual (whence intellecrualism, ist-), intellectuality— 
intelligence, intelligent, intelligential, intelligentsia—intelligible, whence, anl, 
intelligibility; neglect, n (whence neglectful, neglective) and v (whence neglector—cf 
LL neglector)—negligee, anglicized form of négligé—negligence, negligent, negligible; 
predilection; prelect, prelection, prelector (praelector); (sep) privilege and sacrilege 
(sacrilegious); select (adj, v), selection (whence selectionism), selective (whence 
selectivity), selectman, selector.—From Gr legein: lexical (cf lexigraphy) andlexicon 
(cf lexicographer, -graphic, -graphy, -logy); logia—logic, logical, logician, and illogic, 
illogical—logistic—logos (cf LOGARITHM, LOGOGRAM, LOGOGRAPHIC, 
LOGOGRAPHY, LOGOMACHY, LOGORRHOEA, LOGOTYPE).—Gr prefix-(pds:



analectic, analects; analogical, analogous, analogue, analogy; apologetic, apologia, 








apologist, apologize, apologue, apology; dialect, dialectal, dialectic (adj and n), 
whence dialectical, dialectician—cf dialogue; duologue, eclogite, eclogue; epilogue; 
eulogist, eulogistic, eulogy—cf dyslogistic, dyslogy; monologue; paralogism, 
paralogy; prolegomenon, pl prolegomena; prologue; syllogism, syllogistic; tetralogy 
and trilogy.—Cf the not certainly cognate group at LEGAL. 

II. Greek: A, Simple legein and simple logos 
18. Akin to L legere, to gather, to read, is Gr legein, to gather, hence to count, hence to 
recount, hence to say or speak, with its complementary logos, which, exhibiting the 
characteristic Gr alternation between -e- vv and -o- nn, means a counting, a reckoning— 
proportion—explanation, statement—rule or principle—a reason, reasoning, reason— 
continuous statement, a narrative, a story—a speech—verbal expression (often a 
sentence, a saying, a phrase, rarely a word)—a discourse or a disquisition. (L & S.) 
19. Gr legein has simple derivative lexis (? for *legsis), phrase, word, with adj lexikos, 
whence E lexic, mostly in extn lexical; Gr lexikos has neu lexikon, which, elliptical for 
lexikon biblion, a word- or phrase-book, means a glossary, a dictionary, E lexicon: cf
lexia and lexico- in Elements. 
20. Logos appears in E in most of its Gr meanings. At Element -logerare noted the 
chief logo-cpds, except logarithm, q.v. at ARITHMETIC, para 2. 
21. Gr logos (s log-) has derivative logia, sayings (of, e.g., Christ), prop the neu pl of 
adj logios, and the more important adj logikos, whence, via LL logicus and EF-F logique, 
the E adj logic, usu in extn logical Gr logikos combines with tekhnē, art, to form logikē 
(tekhnē), whence LL logicē, soon and predominantly logica, whence OF-F logique, ME 
logike, E logic (n). From LL logicus, learnèd MF-F derives logicien, whence E logician. 
Logic (n), logical, have negg illogic (n), illogical, both owing something to the F adj 
illogique. 
22. Gr logos in its sense ‘(a) counting or reckoning’, has derivative logizesthai, to 
calculate, with adj logistikos, concerned with (esp the accountancy of) financial 
administration, whence E logistic, of, for, in, with logic or, esp, financial calculation, and, 
as n, symbolic logic, prob influential in the formation of that modern horror logistics, the 
‘quartermastery’ of military operations, imm from F logistique, elliptical for l’art 


logistique and deriving from F logis, a lodging, from loger, to lodge, q.v. at LODGE.


philosopher 


, philosophic (with extn philosophical and with anl derivative philosophize), 
philosophy
The Gr philosophos, a lover of sophia or wisdom, sophia deriving from sophos, wise 
(f.a.e., SOPHISM), becomes L philosophus, OF-F philosophe, adopted by ME, which 
deviates with philosophre (? influenced by MF-F philosopher, to philosophize), whence 
E philosopher. Philosophic comes, like MF-EF philosophique, from L philosophicus, trln 
of Gr philosophikos, from philosophia, itself from philosophos; Gr-become-L phihsophia 
yields OF-F philosophic, whence E philosophy


sophism 
, sophist, sophistic, sophisticate (adj—whence n—and v, whence the pa sophisticated), 
sophistication, sophistry; for cpds (except for sep PHILOSOPHER), see the element
soph. 
1. Gr sophos, wise, mentally adroit, originates all these words: o.o.o.: Boisacq and 
Hofmann approve Brugmann’s postulation of IE etymon *tuoghos, *tuoguhos. The 
derivative sophia, wisdom, becomes the now rare E sophy, so frequent as a 2nd element, 
as in philosophy
2. Gr sophos has the foll simple derivatives affecting E: 
sophizein, to make wise, and sophizesthai, to become wise, whence sophisma, a logical 
argument, esp if subtle or fallacious, whence L sophisma, MF-F sophisme, OF-early MF 
soffime, ME sophime, EE-E sophism; 
sophistēs (from sophizein), a teacher of rhetoric, skilful argument, shrewd living, LL 
sophista, MF-F sophiste, E sophist; 
sophistikos (from sophistēs), L sophisticus, E sophistic, with extn sophistical
3. At the L stage arises the ML sophisticāre (from L sophisticus), with pp 
sophisticātus, whence the E adj and v sophisticate; on sophisticātus is built ML, 
sophisticāliō, acc sophisticātiōnem, whence MF-F sophistication, adopted by E. 
4. MF-F sophiste has derivative MF sophisirie (MF-EF sophisterie, superseded by EF- 
F sophistiquerie), adopted by ME, whence E sophistry. 


philanthropic 
, philanthropy (whence, anl, philanthropist)
The adj philanthropic—cf the F philanthropique—derives from Gr philanthrōpikos, 
corresp to philanthrōpia—whence LL philanthrōpia, whence E philanthropy (cf late EF- 
F philanthropie)—from philanthrōpas (adj), mankind-loving: element phil-+anthrōpos, 
man in general. 

The three types of "love" that have any hope or chance to change any world for the best begin with an honest and earnest love of logos (love of learning, words, discourse/debate, logic, and mathematics).  One dedicated to the path of true philology will inevitably arrive at a true love of sophia (wisdom).  Both of these loves should have no other option but to bring one into a state of true philanthropy (a love for the potential in mankind, usually combined with a contempt and disdain for the plebes that fail to actualize much of their potential).

So, if you ever see or hear me state that the there are three types of love that can change the world for the best, I may be offering the soundbyte/meme version of the above with ...

The three types of love that would change the world for the best are philology, philosophy and philanthropy ... a true love of learning and logic (philology) leads to a love of wisdom (philosophy) which leads towards a true love of mankind's potential (philanthropy).

This true philanthropy becomes what the ancient Greeks would call "agape" love

If you don't question everything, you will know nothing and believe anything!

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